QA

What is certificate template?

Certificate Templates. A certificate template defines the policies and rules that a CA uses when a request for a certificate is received. Many built-in templates can be viewed using the Certificate Templates snap-in (see Figure 12.17).

How do I use a certificate template?

In the Certification Authority MMC, click Certificate Templates. On the Action menu, point to New, and then click Certificate Template to Issue. The Enable Certificate Templates dialog box opens. In Enable Certificate Templates, click the name of the certificate template that you just configured, and then click OK.

How do I read a certificate template?

Right-click Certificate Templates. Click Manage. That will open the Certificate Templates Console.

What does the validity period option in the General tab for certificate templates control?

The General tab of a certificate template’s properties enables you to specify the certificate’s validity period, renewal period, whether to publish certificates in AD DS, whether automatic reenrollment should occur if a valid certificate exists in AD DS, and whether to use the existing key for smart card certificate …

What are the permissions that you need to set up on a certificate template?

To enroll for a certificate, the security principal must also have Read permissions for the certificate template. Autoenroll. Allows a security principal to receive a certificate through the autoenrollment process. Autoenrollment permissions also require that the user have both Read and Enroll permissions.

How do I publish a certificate template?

How to publish a certificate template

  1. Open the Certification Authority Console.
  2. Expand the CA .
  3. Right-click on Certificate Templates.
  4. Select New.
  5. Select Certificate Template to Issue.
  6. Select the certificate and click Ok.

How do I issue a certificate template?

Right-click Certificate Templates, and then click New, Certificate Template to Issue. In the Enable Certificate Templates dialog box, select the certificate template or templates that you want the CA to issue, and then click OK. The newly selected certificate template or templates will appear in the details pane.

How do I publish a certificate template in Active Directory?

To configure certificate publishing in AD DS

  1. Open the Certificate Templates snap-in.
  2. In the details pane, right-click the certificate template that you want to change, and then click Properties.
  3. On the General tab, select the check box for the appropriate Active Directory setting, and then click Apply.

What is basic EFS certificate?

BasicEFS template is used only be Encrypting File System (EFS). When user attempts to encrypt some files (locally, or on remote share), a EFS certificate is used. If EFS certificate is not found, EFS client attempts to request certificate from CA by using BasicEFS template.

How do I edit a certificate template?

Editing a Certificate Template

  1. Search for the certificate template that you want to edit.
  2. From the search results, click the name of the desired certificate template.
  3. Make the desired edits.
  4. Click Save or click Save and Add Another if you wish to add an additional new certificate template.

How do I know if a certificate is valid?

Chrome has made it simple for any site visitor to get certificate information with just a few clicks:

  1. Click the padlock icon in the address bar for the website.
  2. Click on Certificate (Valid) in the pop-up.
  3. Check the Valid from dates to validate the SSL certificate is current.

How extract key from PEM?

To extract the certificate, use these commands, where cer is the file name that you want to use:

  1. openssl pkcs12 -in store.p12 -out cer.pem. This extracts the certificate in a . pem format.
  2. openssl x509 -outform der -in cer.pem -out cer.der. This formats the certificate in a . der format.

What is renewal period in certificate template?

To be renewed, a certificate should have completed 80% of its validity period and be within the renewal period. For example, a certificate valid for one year reaches the 80% mark at around 41.5 weeks. If the certificate has a renewal period of six weeks, it will be renewed during the 46th week period.

Why is certificate revocation necessary?

Certificate revocation is the act of invalidating a TLS/SSL before its scheduled expiration date. A certificate should be revoked immediately when its private key shows signs of being compromised. It should also be revoked when the domain for which it was issued is no longer operational.

Where is certificate Templates snap in?

To install the Certificate Templates snap-in

Click Start, click Run, and then type mmc. On the File menu, click Add/Remove Snap-in. On the Add and Remove Snap-ins dialog box, double-click the Certificate Templates snap-in to add it to the list. Click OK.

How do I Create a certificate design?

How to make a certificate

  1. Open Canva. Launch Canva and search for “Certificates” to start making your own certificates.
  2. Select a template. Browse different styles and themes of certificate designs for your needs.
  3. Personalize your design.
  4. Add more design elements.
  5. Order your prints.

Does Microsoft Word have certificate templates?

Open Word, and on the side menu, click on New. Click on the Search Box and type certificate to display a number of certificate templates. Select a certificate template from the options provided and click on Create. The selected certificate will open as your new document.

How do I unpublish a certificate template?

To unpublish a certificate template, right-click the certificate template you want to unpublish in the details pane of the Certificate Authority console and select Delete. Click Yes to confirm the operation.

Where are certificates stored in Active Directory?

When a user is issued a certificate through the Certificate Service web site, the certificate data is stored in the userCertificate attribute on the AD user’s record. In addition, the subject of the issued certificate is set to the distinguished user name.

How do I generate certificates using Active Directory certificate Services?

support

  1. Purpose:
  2. Disclaimer:
  3. Log into your Active Directory Certificate Authority server as a Domain Administrator.
  4. Open certtmpl.msc.
  5. Log into your Passwordstate web server as Domain Administrator, open certlm.msc.
  6. Expand Personal -> Certificates.
  7. Right click Certificates -> All Tasks -> Request a New Certificate.

What does Certutil pulse do?

Certutil -pulse will initiate autoenrollment requests. Right-click Certificates , point to All Tasks , click Automatically Enroll and Retrieve Certificates .

What is EFS used for?

EFS is a user-based encryption control technique that enables users to control who can read the files on their system. The typical method of using EFS is to perform encryption at the folder level. This ensures that all files added to the encrypted folder are automatically encrypted.

Why is it important to encrypt EFS file system?

The Encrypted File System, or EFS, provides an additional level of security for files and directories. It provides cryptographic protection of individual files on NTFS file system volumes using a public-key system.

Which three types of certificates are used with EFS?

Certificate Services has three types of certificate templates that support EFS: Basic EFS, User, and Administrator.